Climate Literacy: Essential Principles of Climate Science

These principles are published by U.S. Global Change Research Program

  1. The Sun is the primary source of energy for Earth’s climate system.
  2. Climate is regulated by complex interactions among the components of the Earth system.
  3. Life on earth depends on, and is shaped by, and affects climate.
  4. Climate varies over space and time through both natural and man-made processes.
  5. Our understanding of the climate system is improved through observations, theoretical studies and modeling.
  6. Human activities are impacting the climate system.
  7. Climate change will have consequences for the Earth system and human lives.


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